Sonja Biggs Educational Services, Inc.
Creating Education and Accessibility for All Students
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Compensatory and Functional Academic Skills
Compensatory and functional academic skills, including communication modes. Compensatory skills involve the adaptations necessary for accessing the core curriculum, which can include: braille, tactile symbols, sign language, and recorded materials.
Orientation & Mobility
Skills to orient children who are visually impaired to their surroundings and travel skills to enable them to move independently and safely in the environment.
Social Interaction Skills
This area includes the tasks and functions people perform in daily life to optimize their independence – skills such as personal hygiene, food preparation, money management, and household chores.
Students with vision loss benefit most from an experiential learning approach. Structured visits to community sites and discussions with people who perform various jobs, enable them to understand concepts and specific skills that are needed to be successful in those jobs. Considering the national rate of unemployment or underemployment of working-age adults who are blind is 70% -75%, this area needs attention throughout the school years to help students with vision loss develop marketable job skills.
Assistive technology is a powerful tool that can enable students with vision loss to overcome some traditional barriers to independence and employment.
Skills that help students use the senses – including any functional vision, hearing, touch, smell, and taste – to access skills related to literacy and concept development.
Skills to enable students to become effective advocates for themselves based on their own needs and goal.
Recreation & Leisure
Skills to ensure students' enjoyment of physical and leisure-time activities, including making choices about how to spend leisure time.